that of Cabeza de Vaca’s ten years wanderings in Texas and Mexico. The first that we hear Naufragios de Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. This was published. what one may read in the famous Naufragios and what is generally said about it, ationKrieger, “The Travels of Alvar Nuez Cabeza de Vaca story in that interpretative gap, working comentarios de Alvar Niuez Cabeza de Vaca, vol. 1, ed. Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was born around in Andalusia [3], a region of Spain [4]. Cabeza de Vaca’s own account, Los naufragios [the shipwrecked men] his own account of the South American events in his Comentarios ().

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Melchor then ordered Diego that no harm be done to them. But when they came to execute it an Indian who kept me told them not to believe we were the cause of their dying, for if we had so much power we would not have suffered so many of our own people to perish without being able to remedy it ourselves.

During that time I fared very badly, as well from lack of food as from the abuse the Indians gave me. I do not venture comengarios make or comentariis a change.

The dwellings were of matting and seemed alvzr be perma- nent. Throughout those years, Cabeza de Vaca and the other men adapted to the lives of the indigenous people they stayed with, whom he later described as Roots People, the Fish and Blackberry People, or the Fig People, depending on their principal foods.

This custom prevails from that island as far as about fifty leagues inland. The Governor left, on the coast of Habana, an- other vessel that he nues bought there, on which there remained, as captain, Alvaro de Cerda, with forty people and twelve horse- men.

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

They told him how Esquivel stayed with them and how he fled because a woman dreamt he would kill her son, and the Indians pursued and killed him. Continuing onward, we entered a firth and there saw a canoe with Indians ap- proaching. When they want to get married they buy their wives from their enemies. Of the naufrafios hides the Indians make blankets to cover themselves with, and of the taller ones they make shoes and targets.

At least so it seemed to me, and Dorantes said the same.

: Alvar Nez Cabeza De Vaca: Books

We also found pieces of nueez and cloth, and feather head dresses that seemed to be from New Spain, and samples of gold. Talk about a difficult read! Even sometimes, after having given and obtained all, they part without having uttered a word. Later on, when Cabeza de Vaca alludes to more substantial structures, I shall again employ the term “house.


Botli are small quartos. They met him nearby and saw that three Indians, with bows and arrows, were following and calling to him, while he did the same to them by signs. A word yet touching the translation here given.

When it says chronicle it really means it. By the time of the next European contact, many had vanished, presumably from the diseases Cabeza de Vaca and his companions unknowingly exposed them to. He further told him that after disembarking, the Gov- ernor revoked the powers he had given to the purser as his lieutenant, giving the office to a captain that was with him called Pantoja.

It reads like a resume, or condensation, of the narrative presented in this volume. All the many Indians from Florida we saw were archers, and, being very tall and naked, at a distance they appear giants. In case there are no forests wherein they can hide thus and prepare their ambushes, they settle on the plain wherever it appears most appropriate, surrounding the place with trenches protected by brushwood.

When found by fellow Spaniards in northern Mexico inhe was full of wild tales concerning the Seven Cities of Cibola, about which he had heard but which he did not claim to have visited. The Governor and others vainly tried to dissuade him, but he insisted upon going and went, taking along- a negro, while the Indians left two of their number as hostages.

So we got Castillo also. In the doorway of the lodge there would then appear a firebrand. The shore being very rough, the sea took the others and thrust them, half dead, on the Walking through it we saw, a fourth of a league from water, the little boat of one of the vessels on the top of trees, and ten leagues further, on the coast, were two men of my crew and certain covers of boxes.

Only two copies of it are known: They had many vessels for grinding maize. To ask other readers questions about Naufragios Ilustradoplease sign up. After communicating with the Native Americans, the Spanish heard rumours that a city named Apalachen was full of food and gold.

There he was found guilty but was pardoned by the king.

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We never treated anyone that did not afterwards say he was Well, and they had nauvragios confidence in our skill as to believe that none of them would die as long as we were among them. So the next day I started with the Cap- tain Alonso del Castillo and forty men of his company.


When those were about to leave we told the first ones that we intended to accompany them. At last the Christians escaped through flight, and remained with the other Indians, whose slaves they agreed to become. He hurried ahead to tell of our coming.

But to find ourselves at last where we wished to be and where we had been assured so much food and gold would be had, made us forget a great deal of our hardships and weariness. When one takes a woman for his wife, from the day he marries her, whatever he may hunt or fish, she has to fetch it to the home of her father, without daring to touch or eat of it, and from the home of the father- in-law they bring the food to the husband.

At the last onset the Captains Dorantes, Pefialosa and Tellez, with fifteen men, placed themselves in am- bush and attacked them from the rear, caus- ing them to flee and leave us. These Indians speak another language and are called Avavares.

After the disastrous termination of [Narvaez’s expedition and his almost mirac- ulous return to Spain, he obtained as a re- ward for his sufferings the position of Gov- ernor of the settlements on the La Plata river, vacant since the death of Pedro de iMendoza.

After several attacks and counterattacks the Spaniards demanded the return of the men who had been captured. This fragment terminates abruptly at the time when a meeting of Cabeza de Vaca and Do- rantes was being prepared. One of Cabeza de Vaca’s greatest achievements of his journey, was that he played an important role as an ambassador to bring peace throughout the land. Cabeza de Vaca is sometimes considered a proto- anthropologist for his detailed accounts of the many tribes of Native Americans that he encountered.

And when, sometimes, we were able to sleep, the In- dians roused haufragios again with blows to go and kindle the fires. This, however, he distinctly attributes to a mis- print, not to a misstatement by the author.

Without being able comenfarios understand it, it was the current that disturbed our sound- ings.

In this fight some of our people were wounded, in spite of their good armor. There is no need of mediation.