C/CM – 16 Standard Test Method for Autoclave Expansion of Hydraulic Cement, autoclave, autoclave expansion, expansion, hydraulic cement. tion statements, see the section on Safety Precautions. 2. Referenced Documents . ASTM Standards: C Test Method for Normal Consistency of Hydraulic. Qty. Model, Description. 2, H, Two-gang prism mold. 1, H, Replacement gauge studs, pack of 1, H, Trowel. 1, Choose One: H- , Cement.

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Movable and stationary anvils are shaped to receive the reference pins which are cast into the ends of the test specimen bars. The fineness of cement is tested by measuring the air permeability specific surface area of the cement powder.

However, as it is a manufactured material created by a sstm process that involves multiple ingredients, testing is essential to ensure compliance with specification and application-specific requirements. The most common tensile strength test on cement is conducted by the application of uniaxial tension.

As these particles cool, they solidify into spherical glassy particles. While flow is not usually included in hydraulic cement specifications, it is commonly used in standard tests that require the mortar to have a water content that provides a specified flow level.

This test covers the autoclave expansion of Portland cement by means of a test on a neat cement specimen. Un-soundness can arise from the presence of too much free magnesia or hard-burned free lime in the astj.

For example, in the split cylinder test, a sample in the shape of a cylinder is loaded laterally until fracture occurs. The equipment required for this method includes an autoclave, test bar moulds, mixing equipment, atsm balance and a length comparator. The beginning of solidification, or the initial set, marks the point in time when the paste has become unworkable, and the time taken to completely solidify marks the final set.

You need to log in before adding standards to the monitoring service. After the dropping sequence, the diameter of the spread of the mix is measured. The smaller the particle, the larger the surface area of the powder in relation to the volume, so as cement reacts with water, the smallest particles contain the largest number of contacts and have a high participation in the process of setting and hardening.

The initial setting time is defined as the time taken for the Vicat needle to be able to penetrate the paste in the mould c1551 a depth of 5mm. It should be noted that these tests give a higher tensile strength value than the uniaxial tension method.


The recorded time is a proxy for the specific surface area. Start Webshop Product catalog Product presentation. The strength of the binder cement therefore has a significant effect on the performance characteristics of the mixture and ensures the overall quality of the finished product.

ASTM C151/C151M – 18

The consistency of a mixture plays an important role in the performance of the mix when poured through reinforcing bars within a form, and in the time taken for the mortar or concrete to set. This should be short enough that construction activity can be resumed within a reasonable time after the placement of concrete.

The Blaine Apparatus is employed for this test and consists of a permeability test cell, a perforated disk, a plunger, filter paper, a manometer U-tube, manometer liquid, reference cement and a timer. This test requires a Le Chatelier water bath, a Le Chatelier mould, caliper, measuring cylinder, balance and length comparator.

A 10kN tensile flexile machine. When water is added to cement, the resulting paste will begin to harden and gain compressive strength. Alternatively, soundness of cement can be determined by the autoclave method. The method is a comparative test between a known and unknown material, therefore a reference sample with a known atm area is used for calibration.

Inspection, Testing and Calibration | Applied Testing & Geosciences

The mould is then removed, leaving behind the formed sample of mortar, which is then raised and dropped from a height of A cement paste or mortar mix is placed in a mould of defined volume and dimensions, and the mould is placed on top and in the centre of a flow table apparatus, where the sample is formed and compacted.

The expansion of cement can also be determined by the length comparator method. The test equipment required for this purpose includes a compression machine, a mortar mixer, suitable moulds, a humidity cabinet, the cement itself and test sand. This test is carried out by moulding cement-sand mortar briquettes, which are placed in qstm machine that can apply a tension load.

Soundness refers to the ability of a hardened cement paste to retain its volume after setting without delayed destructive expansion. Webprint Printed and bound. After the heating is complete, the specimen is measured and compared to the original length measurements. The benefits of a subscription: It is vitally important to follow the correct method and to use appropriate, properly serviced equipment.


When a uniaxial tension machine is not available, tensile tests can also astn carried out by other v151 methods. Quality concrete relies on quality cement… …and appropriate testing. After the autoclave is sealed, the specimens are exposed to high pressure saturated steam for a defined length of time.

Autoclave Expansion of Hydraulic Cement (ASTM C151)

The key items for this method are the flow table, mould and calipers. The tensile strength is proportional to the compressive strength and the tests are simple and inexpensive to perform, so they are relatively popular.

The specimens c511 extruded from the moulds and measured after 24hr and placed in the autoclave at aatm temperature. Soundness of cement can be determined by a variety of methods.

Standards monitoring is a free service designed for you who wish to be alerted of changes to or new editions of the standards required in your work. The tensile strength is calculated by measuring the load required to split the sample in half over the section of the fracture. The moment new editions of the standards you monitor are released, changes are made, or appendixes are published, you will be alerted by email. This ensures that you are always up-to-date and saves you both time asym money.

After the boiling process is completed, the distance between two control indicator points is measured to the nearest 0. By measuring the time taken for air to flow through the reference material, the user can establish a correlation of the surface area based on the time taken on the test cement. Errors or failures in the construction sector can be extremely dangerous ast expensive. A web subscription provides an easy and secure access to standards, and you are guaranteed to always have the ast edition.

Cracks in concrete are likely when cement is unsound. ELE supplies a variety of devices for this method, asm the drying, shrinkage and moisture movement apparatus, as well as the ASTM length comparator. An ELE mortar mixer. Compressive strength is one of the most important properties of concrete and mortar.