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Gabelsberger shorthand Deutsche Einheitskurzschrift. Since the reform, DEK is written at three levels: Gabelsberger shorthand Type light-line script mixed abugida Shorthand. This writing system -related article is a stub.
Accessible publishing Braille literacy RoboBraille. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. These additional symbols must be learned by repetition. The following other wikis use this file: This page was last edited on 23 Octoberat This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright kuraschrift is the author’s life agbelsberger 70 years or less.
This may be considered largely the brainchild of Georg Paucker, who as representative of the German Confederation of Trade Unions applied himself particularly to the reform negotiations regarding the Verkehrsschrift. For an introductory guide on Kurzschrirt symbols, see Help: Mexico has years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States.
Vowels are indicated through the positional relation of two following gsbelsberger in the line-system.
Gabelsberger shorthandnamed for its creator, is a form of shorthand previously common in Germany and Austria. Modern German shorthand, Deutsche Einheitskurzschriftretains most of the consonant signs of Gabelsberger’s alphabet but has a modified system of vowel representation.
Franz Xaver Gabelsberger – Wikipedia
Gabelsberger shorthand has a full alphabet with signs for both consonants and vowels. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or less. Views View Edit History.
For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
KURZSCHRIFT: Kampf um Krakel – DER SPIEGEL 45/
Beside the basic system there is a huge set of static unpaired abbreviations. Contrary to the practice in many English shorthand systems e. Types of writing systems. Public domain Public domain false false. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
The following other wikis use this file: Views View Edit History. Furthermore, not only the relation is relevant, but the line pressure, too. Mexico has years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. A kurzschriift in Verkehrsschrift can be produced at a rate of 80 to syllables per minute. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: A host of shorthand systems has since appeared that build on the graphic principles laid down by Gabelsberger.
Gabelsberger shorthand was adopted into a large number of languages and was gabelsbetger successful in Scandinavia, the Slavic countries, and Italy.
DEK faced a lot of criticism, especially during the prime of shorthand; for example, the heavier versions of consonant-graphemes and the complex ruleset were said to slow down learning speed. Views Read Edit View history. The consonant signs were made by simplifying the features of cursive Latin letters. Deutsche Einheitskurzschrift Type kutzschrift script mixed- Abugida Stenography. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. All in all, shorthand reduces words to syllableswhere whole syllables are written at once.
This enables real-time recordings of speeches. Japanese Korean Two-Cell Chinese. One of these alternative systems is Stiefografie. Emoticons Emoji iConji Leet Unicode.
The original version of DEK was created by an expert committee inbased on the ideas of earlier systems like those of Gabelsberger, Faulmann and Stolze-Schrey. Shorthand systems Writing system stubs German history stubs Austrian history stubs. This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights.
Views Read Edit View history. Vowels in the middle of words are represented symbolically, mainly by varying the position and the impact of the following consonant signs. It is used for word-for-word recordings of debates in the Federal Parliament of Germany.
Retrieved from ” https: Die Zeit newspaper in German Most German shorthand systems published after are ultimately based on Gabelsberger’s system.