The appellant alleged that Article 45 of the Broadcasting Law (Ley de .. Por lo que el párrafo primero del Art. 45 de la ley y las normas dictadas en su. , Spanish, Book edition: Radiodifusión: marco regulatorio: Ley nacional de radiodifusión 22,, Decreto reglamentario /81 / [Claudio] Schifer. (Law of , InfoLEG, available at (Gustavo Ybarra, El kirchnerismo logró aprobar en general la nueva ley de medios, DIARIO LA.
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In several Latin American countries, a cadena nacional “national network”, also referred to as a cadena oficial or red voluntaria is a joint broadcast, over various media usually radio and televisiondirected at the general population of a state. Initially conceived as a form of emergency population warningthese broadcasts are often of a political nature, as most of them are messages by governmental authorities about various topics of general interest.
Depending on the country, the characteristics of cadenas nacionales vary. In some countries, they are enshrined in law; in others, they are informal and cooperative.
In some countries, including Argentina and Venezuela, all stations are mandated to air these messages similar in nature to Emergency Action Notifications in the United States.
This article specifies that the executive branch of the national government or of provincial governments may, in exceptional circumstances, use all of the broadcast stations in a state. When such a message is delivered, all Argentine television stations must cease all programming to allow for the broadcasting of the message.
A new law, effective as of August 8,requires television and radio broadcasters to transmit two presidential speeches a year, produced by the state media Radio Illimani and Bolivia TV. Since Chile’s return to democracy inmost cadenas nacionales have been voluntary in nature, but in the government of Augusto Pinochet and his predecessors, stations were obliged to carry these messages.
HISTORIA DE LA RADIOFONÍA ARGENTINA by Rocio Mora on Prezi
One type of cadena nacional is obligatory for all television stations according to the electoral law, the franja electoral or simultaneous transmission of campaign material from the major political parties; this is the only time election campaign ads are broadcast on television. The first law permitting cadenas nacionales in Ecuador was passed in during the regime of Gen. InPresident Rafael Correa ordered Ecuador’s television stations to broadcast cadenas nacionales over the course of the year, the highest such figure in the region and 92 more than Venezuela in the same year.
The prior law was replaced in The Organic Communication Law’s article 74 replaced it, retaining the requirements for broadcasters and extending them to pay television services, which must suspend their own program transmissions to carry cadenas.
The Telecommunications Law of requires stations to transmit cadenaswhich may be called for by the president “in case of war, invasion of territory, rebellion, sedition, catastrophe, epidemic or other calamity, grave disturbances of the public order or messages of national interest”.
The law lley defined cadenas was derogated in after the constitutional court ruled that they were illegal, violated the right of citizens to “inform and be informed”, and also kept the public in “informational captivity”. Cadenas nacionales are obligatory for all 222285 and radio stations, and are used to broadcast presidential reports and messages of national interest.
In Januarythe ceremony to mark the start of the new president’s term was carried as a cadena nacional and ran five hours. Stations are also obligated to broadcast messages related leu civil defense, national security, and public health, as well as messages related to ships and aircraft in danger.
Most of this time is used to run official advertising, managed by SEGOB, and during electoral campaigns election advertising, managed by the National Electoral Institute. Radio stations also carry La Hora Nacionalan hour-long radio program aired on Sunday nights, 2285 part of this requirement.
Administrative accord regulates cadenas nacionales in Nicaragua.
La “Legitimidad” Del Enunciador Juridico en la Ley de Radiodifusion Argentina (22285/80) (Report)
After the dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner —89the use of cadenas nacionales was banned after the system was abused by the military to transmit propaganda. There is no specific law on cadenas ; the government must buy airtime from the broadcasters, and carriage of such national events is voluntary by law.
They are obligatory for all broadcasters, as is the transmission of state-designed “public good” campaigns.
On one occasion, television stations were forced to broadcast a minute-long musical performance contained within a cadena nacional. From toVenezuela had an average of cadenas a year. Forced cadenas nacionales of a political nature have been strongly criticized by some media outlets, as in some cases it requires them to broadcast opinions that differ from their normal editorial stances. Likewise, Honduran media resisted an attempt by the government of Manuel Zelaya to institute cadenas nacionales in that country, noting that “in the past the cadena nacional was constantly used, mainly by de facto governments, without satisfactory results”.
From to Maythere have been key nacionales in Argentina, including 17 in the first five months of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Cadena nacional – Wikipedia
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